如何 brew a great 啤酒!

home brewing 啤酒 beers

如何 brew a great 啤酒

 

For the most part home brewers tend to start out brewing ales and stick to them since ales ferment faster, tend to be a bit more versatile than 啤酒s and do not require you to keep your home at the temperature of a morgue if you want to ferment your beer in your closet.  Not to mention, most home brewing supply shops tend to release far more ale recipes than 啤酒 recipes and relatively few craft breweries even have a 啤酒 in their beer lineup.

 

So why brew a 啤酒?  Because 啤酒s are awesome! They are crisp and clean, delicious to taste and beautiful to look at!  In fact, some of the worlds best beers are 啤酒s. Not to mention, 啤酒s were session beers before session beers were even a thing, which means you can throw back a few 啤酒s while brewing a batch of beer and not be so tipsy that you forget to add your hops to the brew kettle or pitch your yeast in the fermentor.  And do not go thinking that a 啤酒 has to be some low IBU (International Bittering Unit) grandma beer.  Several breweries have been crafting beers like IPL’s India Pale Lagers and other non traditional 啤酒 styles that will make you rethink what a 啤酒 is.

 

酿造啤酒

酿造啤酒

 

现在我们已经平方好了,让我们从头开始。啤酒和强麦酒有什么区别?贮藏啤酒是德语单词,表示存储或存储。就像“坎恩·希奇(Cann)” or “我可以把泡菜放进你那里吗”。德国人称啤酒为贮藏啤酒,是因为他们将啤酒在发酵过程中冷藏了几周,然后再发酵,从而酿造出非常干净,香脆的啤酒。这并不意味着您只能将强麦酒放在壁橱中6周,突然间您会变得更大。与啤酒相比,啤酒用啤酒发酵。贮藏啤酒在某些方面不同于强麦芽酵母。一方面,较大的酵母在发酵罐的底部进行大部分发酵,而不是在发酵罐的顶部进行的啤酒。最重要的是发酵发生的温度。大多数啤酒酵母菌株的理想发酵温度约为68 F,而大多数啤酒酵母菌株的理想发酵温度约为50 F,这意味着如果您要在自己的发酵罐中发酵,则最好搭配啤酒配方套件购买夹克客厅。

 

So how do you brew a great 啤酒?  To start with, you are going to need a great recipe kit.  Lagers can be pale or dark, do not let all of the typical mass brewed American 啤酒s skew your understanding of what a 啤酒 is or can be.  A couple of great 啤酒 examples are Vienna 啤酒s which are a beautiful amber color with a rich malty taste and a Munich Helles which has a pale golden color with a mild bitterness.

 

You can find some great 啤酒 home brewing kits here: 家庭酿造食谱套件

 

Next you will want to select the ideal yeast strain for your style of 啤酒. You can find a fantastic selection of 啤酒 yeasts here. If you can not decide which to go with, the Munich 2308 is usually a safe bet.  You can pitch these yeast packages directly into your fermentor but I recommend that you create a yeast starter for a few reasons.  Most importantly it will allow you to confirm that the yeast is alive and healthy, it will allow the yeast to return to an active state so that it can begin reproducing and fermenting immediately when placed in contact with your 啤酒 wort and lastly it will boost the yeast cell count to help insure a fast and complete fermentation takes place.

 

如果您无法进入发酵室,例如温度可控制的箱式冷冻柜,冰箱或发酵罐等 酿造桶温度控制器, you will want to make sure that you brew your 啤酒 during a time of the year where the average temperature that you ferment your beer will be approximately 50 F.  If it is much colder than that your fermentation process will slow to a crawl or cease all together, if it gets much higher your 啤酒 will ferment to fast and is likely to create unwanted off flavors .  You can also use items like an electric blanket and a temperature control unit such as this 上 e Ranco数字温度控制器, to help regulate your fermentation temperature.  Consult your specific 啤酒 yeast strain packing to find the ideal fermentation temperature as they can differ.  Keep in mind that patience is a virtue when it comes to brewing a 啤酒 and if you take your time you will more than likely be rewarded with a better beer!

 

In order to create the best tasting 啤酒 possible you will need to reduce or eliminate 上 e of the more common off flavors in a 啤酒 which is diacetyl. To do so, you should perform a diacetyl rest at the end of your primary fermentation. Dicaetyl is described as tasting like butter and some popcorn manufactures use it as an artificial flavor for their microwave popcorn.  While it may make your popcorn taste better, it should be avoided in your 啤酒 and is something that your yeast will produce during fermentation.  The good news is that your yeast can also remove it! If at the end of your primary fermentation you allow your fermentation temperature to increase from 50 F to 55 F for a few days, the yeast will naturally begin to eliminate the dyacetyl from your beer.  After the three days you will want to reduce your fermentation temperature to 50 F 上 ce again.

 

贮藏啤酒最重要的特征之一就是它的清晰度和亮度!因此,建议您进行两阶段发酵,“lager” or store your beer in a secondary fermentor after primary fermentation has completed and the yeast and solids have consolidated 上 the bottom of your fermentor.  Primary fermentation will typically have completed in about 3 weeks or so but take gravity readings to be sure. Racking your beer off of the expended yeast, residual hop matter and fallen proteins will also help prevent off flavors from forming in your 啤酒 as your beer ages in the secondary fermentor. I would suggest allowing your beer to age for an additional 2 to 4 weeks in secondary fermentation.  During the final week of secondary fermentation I will typically cold crash my fermentor down to 38 F which encourages any fine particulates and residual yeast cells to drop out of the beer and consolidate 上 the bottom of the fermentor.  I then rack the beer to a keg and let it slow carbonate and condition for another week or so before enjoying!

 

Best of luck to you in brewing your 啤酒 and let me know if you have any suggestions that you would like to share with other West Coast Brewer visitors!